Cut Short Your Smoking Rate with the Aid of the Technological Tools

There are many problems that we face each and every passing day in our life. However, it is always the little problems that we ignore in life that cause so much trouble to us in the long run. Speaking of such problems, it is always the particular issue of smoking that tops the list of day- to- day issues that may cause so much of damage of the well being of the human beings. Almost all of us in the context of today are very much aware of the matter of fact that there is nothing that we could possibly gain from the act of smoking. On the contrary, it only causes unwanted diseases and infections that are quite hazardous for the likes of us. When such is the degree of seriousness that is attached to the act of smoking when it comes to the matter of smoking, it is already high time for us to do something so as to prevent people from smoking cigarettes. The technological experts have come up with the idea of e liquid. Read the article further to know more about the same.

45How to get away from smoking?

From the above discussion, it is very much clear that the act of smoking has become a really serious issue that demands all our attention at large. We are in a position to figure out on or more ways so as to prevent people from smoking. This is precisely how the experts in the domain of technology ended up with the invention of electronic cigarettes. These e- cigarettes are nothing but artificial electronic machines that are designed to look like a real cigarette. An e- cigarette consists of an e liquid capsule inside of it. It is nothing but this particular supplement that is responsible for the proper working of an e- cigarette machine. Of course, it is only this particular liquid that helps the appearance of smoke. Only when the smoke comes out of an e- cigarette machine, an individual will be able to have the feeling that he is smoking a real cigarette.

Mood Swings in Children

Youngsters in the age gathering of 5 to 6 years can encounter state of mind swings, however it is an uncommon event. In any case, when your tyke edges towards puberty, serious type of emotional episodes can happen, which is significantly more or like what happens in grown-ups. It has been accounted for that 1.6% young people have experienced serious emotional episodes.

As children experience and express differently from adults, it often becomes difficult to label mood swings as a disorder. Mood swings are common and natural; being happy, angry or even confused is all a part of growing up. However, when these disturbances in the mood alternate from mania to depression, and in rare cases, it comes with unexplained violent behavior, it becomes a cause for worry.

ADHD

ADHD or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is one of the most common mental disorders seen in children. The disorder makes it very difficult for the child to perform well in school, be attentive, follow instructions, or finish tasks by himself.

» Causes
Genetic factors
Environmental factors
Brain injury
Excessive consumption of sugar or food additives

» Symptoms
Hyperactivity
Trouble sitting still
Inability to pay attention
Constant fidgeting
Inability to understand others’ needs
Easy distraction

» Treatment
Medications like methylphenidate or amphetamines
Education and training
Psychotherapy
Alcohol-related Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) is another reason why your child must be experiencing mood swings. It can cause extreme mood swings in children, along with other learning and intellectual disabilities.

» Causes
This disorder is caused if the mother had consumed alcohol during her pregnancy.

» Symptoms
Difficulty with reasoning and thinking
Inability to express clearly
Difficulty with memorizing things
Have to be taught the same thing repetitively

» Treatment
Medications like stimulants, antidepressants, neuroleptics, and antianxiety drugs
Behavioral and education therapy
Parent training
Alternative medicine
OCD

OCD or obsessive-compulsive disorder is a very commonly seen disorder. However, when severe, it can start interfering with the child’s ability to do day-to-day activities.

» Causes
Genetics
Brain disorders
Decreased level of serotonin
Stressful life events
Depression
Improper parenting
Self-esteem issues

» Symptoms
Fear of contamination
Fear of being embarrassed
Need for perfection and order

Repetitive behavior such as washing hands, checking door knobs, arranging things in a certain way, counting numbers, etc.

» Treatment
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety disorder is a bracket term used for mental disorders that cause anxiety, nervousness, and fear. It includes generalized anxiety disorder, phobias, panic disorder, separation anxiety, situational anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

» Causes
Stressful life events
Improper upbringing
Violent atmosphere

» Symptoms
Excessive worry
Trouble concentrating
Insomnia
Shortness of breath
Inability to stay calm
Heart palpitations
Dizziness
Weakness
Fatigue

» Treatment
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Acceptance and commitment therapy
Dialectical behavior therapy
Medications like SSRIs and antidepressants
Bipolar Disorder

Sudden behavior change and/or prolonged mood swings in kids is termed as childhood-onset bipolar disorder (COBPD) medically. This condition is characterized by extreme ‘high’ and ‘low’ child behavior. These rapid mood swings can be easily experienced many times within a day in a cyclical fashion.

» Causes
Over-responsive sensory stimulator
Chemical imbalance in the brain (especially in the neurotransmitters that regulate endorphins)
Life-changing experience
Family history of mood disorders
Family history of alcoholism

» Symptoms
Extreme moods swings (behavioral cycle is usually a low in the mornings followed up with an extreme high level of energy in the evening)
Passive and/or violent behavior
Sleep disturbances
Persistent sadness
Hyperactivity
Fidgety nature
Restlessness
Trouble controlling anger
High levels of anxiety
Impulsiveness

» Treatment
Mood stabilizers
Anticonvulsant medications
Antipsychotics
Antidepressants
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Talk therapy
Family-focused therapy
Psychoeducation
Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy
Other Reasons

One should keep in mind that not all mood swings are related to a disorder. Sometimes, there are many extreme factors at play too. The kind of environment that the child is raised in is also vital to his/her mental health. Children need adequate nutrition in their growing years, any deficiency of which can lead to an imbalance or reduction in energy levels. This generally leads to a lack of enthusiasm in them because of lack of energy or lack of physical health. An unappealing physical appearance or characteristics too, can cause depression in children, leading to sudden mood swings, especially in the company of others. Some children also inherit mood disorders or anxiety from their parents.

Disturbed sleep patterns are also seen as a reason for mood swings. Inadequate sleep or excess sleep, both makes young children irritable and lethargic. A child’s mental and emotional health has a direct impact on the way he/she thinks and reacts. Unhappy surroundings, difficult parents, or a difficult learning environment at school, all make a child prone to mood swings.

As a parent or a caretaker, you know your children better. However, it is best to get a diagnosis through a specialist. Mood disorders affect each child differently; hence, no treatment can be the same. An important point to bear in mind is that it is not a disease, and therefore, it has no conventional cure―only management. Alternative treatments like therapy combined with depression and anxiety medication depends upon the frequency, intensity, duration of a child’s symptoms, and response to treatment.

Tips to Height and Weight Charts for Children

Stature and weight are two critical markers of physical advancement in youngsters and are valuable in deciding sustenance prerequisites and also development irregularities, assuming any. The present article gives the sound range and also normal estimations of stature and weight for full-term babies and kids.

Early childhood is an important phase as far as the physical, physiological, and psychological development of an individual is concerned. Monitoring the height and weight is one of the ways to assess physical changes taking place during this phase.

Given below are a few simple, age-specific checkpoints for normal growth, as well as height and weight charts for children. These have been derived from the guidelines and growth charts provided by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO). They provide the age-specific average height as well as the corresponding average weight for children. Weight charts indicating the normal range of height and weight have also been provided.

0 to 1 Year
What to look out for?
» There is a rapid increase in weight, and a steady increase in height during the first six months.
» By the age of 4 – 6 months, weight is at least double the birth weight.
» There is a steady increase in weight and height during the age of 6 – 12 months. (The increase in weight and length is not as rapid as that observed during the first six months.)

GIRLS
Average Values
Age
(Months) Weight
(Pounds) Length
(Inches)
0 7.3 19.4
1 9.6 21.2
2 11.7 22.1
3 13.3 23.6
4 14.6 24.5
5 15.8 25.3
6 16.6 25.9
7 17.4 26.5
8 18.1 27.1
9 18.8 27.6
10 19.4 28.2
11 19.9 28.7
Normal Range
Age
(Months) Weight
(Pounds) Length
(Inches)
0 5.3-9.3 17.9-20.8
1 7.0-12.1 19.6-22.7
2 8.7-14.6 20.1-24.1
3 10.0-16.6 21.9-25.2
4 11.0-18.2 22.7-26.2
5 12.0-19.5 23.5-27.0
6 12.6-20.6 24.1-27.7
7 13.2-21.6 24.7-28.3
8 13.8-22.4 25.2-28.9
9 14.3-23.2 25.7-29.5
10 14.7-24.0 26.2-30.1
11 15.1-24.7 26.7-30.6

BOYS
Average Values
Age
(Months) Weight
(Pounds) Length
(Inches)
0 7.4 19.6
1 9.8 21.6
2 12.3 23.0
3 14.1 24.2
4 15.4 25.2
5 16.6 26.0
6 17.5 26.6
7 18.3 27.2
8 19.0 27.8
9 19.6 28.3
10 20.1 28.8
11 20.8 29.3
Normal Range
Age
(Months) Weight
(Pounds) Length
(Inches)
0 5.4-9.7 18.1-21.1
1 7.5-12.8 20.0-23.1
2 9.5-15.6 21.4-24.6
3 11.1-17.7 22.6-25.8
4 12.3-19.3 23.5-26.8
5 13.2-20.1 24.2-27.6
6 14.0-21.7 24.9-28.3
7 14.7-22.7 25.5-28.9
8 15.2-23.6 26.1-29.5
9 15.8-24.3 26.6-30.1
10 16.2-25.1 27.1-30.7
11 16.7-25.8 27.5-31.2

1 to 2 Years
What to look out for?» The total weight gain during the year is 3-6 pounds.» The total increase in length, by the end of second year, is 3-5 inches.
GIRLS
Average Values
Age
(Months) Weight
(Pounds) Length
(Inches)
12 20.4 29.2
13 21.0 29.6
14 21.5 30.1
15 22.0 30.6
16 22.5 30.9
17 23.0 31.4
18 23.4 31.8
19 23.9 32.2
20 24.4 32.6
21 24.9 32.9
22 25.4 33.4
23 25.9 33.7
Normal Range
Age
(Months) Weight
(Pounds) Length
(Inches)
12 15.5-25.3 27.1-31.0
13 15.9-26.0 27.5-31.7
14 16.3-26.7 28.0-32.2
15 16.7-27.2 28.4-32.7
16 17.0-27.9 28.7-33.1
17 17.4-28.5 29.1-33.6
18 17.7-29.1 29.5-34.1
19 18.1-29.7 29.8-34.5
20 18.5-30.3 30.2-34.9
21 18.9-30.9 30.5-35.3
22 19.2-31.5 30.9-35.8
23 19.6-32.1 31.2-36.2

BOYS
Average Values
Age
(Months) Weight
(Pounds) Length
(Inches)
12 21.3 29.8
13 21.8 30.3
14 22.3 30.7
15 22.7 31.2
16 23.2 31.6
17 23.7 32.0
18 24.1 32.4
19 24.6 32.8
20 25.0 33.1
21 25.5 33.5
22 25.9 33.9
23 26.3 34.2
Normal Range
Age
(Months) Weight
(Pounds) Length
(Inches)
12 17.1-26.4 28.0-31.7
13 17.5-27.1 28.4-32.2
14 17.8-27.7 28.8-32.7
15 18.2-28.3 29.2-33.2
16 18.6-29.0 29.5-33.6
17 18.9-29.5 29.9-34.1
18 19.3-30.1 30.3-34.5
19 19.6-30.7 30.6-34.9
20 20.0-31.2 30.9-35.4
21 20.3-31.9 31.3-35.8
22 20.7-32.5 31.6-36.2
23 21.0-33.1 31.8-36.6

2 to 20 Years

What to look out for?

» There is a steady weight gain of 5 pounds per year till the age of 5 years.
» There is a sudden spurt of growth between 9 and 15 years of age, involving a weight gain of 8-10 pounds per year.
GIRLS
Average Values
Age
(Years) Weight
(Pounds) Height
(Inches)
2 26.5 33.5
3 31.5 37.0
4 34.0 39.5
5 39.5 42.5
6 44.0 45.5
7 49.5 47.7
8 57.0 50.5
9 62.0 52.5
10 70.5 54.5
11 81.5 56.7
12 91.5 59.0
13 101.0 61.7
14 105.0 62.5
15 115.0 62.9
16 118.0 64.0
17 120.0 64.0
18 125.0 64.2
19 126.0 64.3
20 128.0 64.2
Normal Range
Age(Years) Weight
(Pounds) Height
(Inches)
2 22.5-32.1 31.5-36.0
3 25.5-37.5 34.5-39.5
4 28.5-44.1 37.0-42.5
5 32.5-52.0 39.5-45.5
6 36.0-59.0 42.0-48.5
7 39.5-68.0 44.3-51.5
8 44.0-79.0 46.5-54.2
9 48.0-90.0 48.5-56.5
10 55.0-104.5 50.0-58.7
11 61.0-117.0 52.0-61.0
12 68.0-135.0 54.5-64.0
13 75.0-147.0 57.2-66.4
14 83.5-158.0 58.7-67.5
15 89.0-167.0 59.5-68.0
16 94.5-172.0 59.8-68.2
17 97.0-174.0 60.0-68.2
18 99.0-177.0 60.2-68.5
19 101.0-180.0 60.3-68.5
20 102.0-182.0 60.3-68.5

BOYS
Average Values
Age(Years) Weight
(Pounds) Length
(Inches)
2 27.5 34.2
3 31.0 37.5
4 36.0 40.3
5 40.5 43.0
6 45.5 45.5
7 50.5 48.0
8 56.5 50.4
9 63.0 52.5
10 70.5 54.5
11 78.5 56.5
12 88.0 58.7
13 100.0 61.5
14 112.0 64.5
15 123.5 67.0
16 134.0 68.3
17 142.0 69.0
18 147.5 69.2
19 152.0 69.5
20 155.0 69.7
Normal Range
Age(Years) Weight
(Pounds) Length
(Inches)
2 22.8-33.0 31.7-36.3
3 26.1-38.5 35.2-39.8
4 29.0-44.0 37.5-43.2
5 33.0-52.5 39.8-45.7
6 36.5-59.0 42.2-48.6
7 40.5-68.0 44.5-51.3
8 45.0-77.0 46.7-54.3
9 49.5-88.0 48.7-56.5
10 56.0-100.5 50.5-58.8
11 60.5-114.0 52.0-61.0
12 66.5-130.0 54.0-63.5
13 74.5-144.0 56.3-66.6
14 84.0-159.5 59.1-69.7
15 92.5-172.5 61.6-71.7
16 103.5-182.5 63.3-73.0
17 111.0-194.5 64.0-73.6
18 114.5-202.0 64.5-73.8
19 120.0-206.0 64.8-74.1
20 122.5-210.5 65.0-74.3

The height-weight charts given above are merely reference tools or guidelines for understanding the average measurements at a certain age. The exact height and weight varies with the environment, ethnicity, diet, and genetic makeup. The ideal way to assess growth is to identify the growth trend of your child, and keep an eye for deviations from this trend.

Stuffy Nose Remedies for Babies Tips

A stuffy nose can make your child extremely uncomfortable and crabby. It is a typical wellbeing issue that newborn children confront and can be dealt with effortlessly with the assistance of some home cures. This article will manage you with some simple and basic solutions for the same.

A congested nose in an infant can be quite troublesome and needs to be treated at the earliest. However, there is no cause for alarm as a stuffy nose can be relieved quickly, that too using household ingredients.

Before you begin trying to relieve your baby’s congested nose, keep in mind that babies are too young for over-the-counter drugs. So, if your baby is less than three months old, you should avoid using drugs or medicines usually handed over-the-counter for colds, the same goes for various liquid decongestants, which may be effective in adults but should not be used for babies, if there are other options available.

Let’s take a look at some home remedies, which can be helpful in treating your baby’s blocked nose.

♨ A Steamy Solution

Steam breathing or vapor bath is one of the best ways to relieve a blocked nose in infants. Exposure to steam can help loosen the mucus blocking the baby’s nose. The mucus then drips out on its own, clearing the nasal passage and making it easier for your baby to breathe. It is not necessary to bathe the child, just sitting with him near a steaming tub can work as a humidifier, clearing his nose. You can also prepare some steam, by boiling water in a vessel and holding it carefully near the baby’s nose, whatever you feel is safe for your baby.

● Saline Drops

Saline water is another popular stuffy nose remedy for toddlers. You can buy a ready-made saline water kit or prepare one at home. To make homemade saline water, all you need to do is prepare a mixture of one cup warm water and a half teaspoon of table salt. With the help of a dropper put a few drops of the saline solution in the baby’s nostrils (one drop for each nostril is enough in most cases). Then massage the baby’s nose gently on both sides. Before repeating the procedure, ensure that you sterilize the dropper tip to ensure hygiene, as the dropper may have become contaminated.

☄ Suction Devices

There are two types of suction devices, or nasal aspirators, available on the market that can help you get rid of the mucus in your baby’s nose. Let’s take a look at them:

Rubber bulb syringes
A one-piece rubber bulb type suction device is often supplied with a new-born kit at the hospital, but you can also purchase one at any local pharmacy. The device has a rubber bulb which ends in a tube like syringe which can be gently inserted into your baby’s nose. Squeeze the bulb to push all the air out and create a vacuum, then insert the tube-end into the baby’s nostril. Once inside the nose, let air rush back into the bulb, it will pull some mucus with it depositing it in the bulb, which you can then squeeze out onto a tissue. You can also put a drop of saline water in each nostril a few minutes before you begin, so as to loosen the mucus inside. Do not use the device more than twice on each nostril, it may cause inflammation of the nasal cavity and lead to further discomfort.

Nasal aspirators
The latest nasal aspirators work on the same principle of suction, however, they have a slightly different design. The device consists of a bulb with a nasal syringe, but it also has a pipe attached to the bulb which is used to suck out the mucus. Once inserted into your baby’s nostril, you can gently pull on the pipe to suck the mucus out, which deposits in the bulb. There is a filter installed within the bulb to prevent contamination. Once you are done and your baby is breathing better, the device can be dismantled and cleaned. A few notable brands of aspirators are hydraSense and NoseFrida.

☆ Some Useful Tips

  • Colds tend to reduce appetite and induce long spells of irritability and crying, leading to dehydration. One should make sure the baby gets its requisite amount of fluids, in the form of water and juices.
    Your baby may panic as it finds breathing difficult in such situations, gentle, tender caresses will help your baby relax.
  • Always cover your baby with warm blankets when it is struggling with a stuffy nose.
    Nose congestion in babies can occur due to many reasons like common cold or even allergies. An adult may suffer from 2 to 5 instances of cold in a year, however, this may average to 7 per year in case of babies.
  • If your baby is suffering from a runny nose and a cold you may want to look out for some symptoms which need immediate medical attention. Take your baby to the doctor if its temperature shoots beyond 102° F (38.9° C), has red eyes, has been coughing for over a week, or if there are blood streaks in the sputum.
  • Bishop’s Weed (Trachyspermum ammi) has proven effective in treating nasal blockages, especially in children. The seeds can be wrapped in a fine cloth or handkerchief and inhaled directly for immediate relief.
  • Vaporizers or humidifiers are also readily available in the market which can be used to increase the moisture in the babies room and keep the nasal passages soft. One must be careful to keep the device away from the baby so as to prevent excessive dampness.

The solutions listed above are applicable for children of all ages, and not just babies. Dealing with a stuffy baby nose can be quite a daunting task for both you and your baby, yet, there are various solutions at hand which go a long way in relieving the discomfort it may be experiencing. Try these home remedies as a quick-fix for that troublesome nose, but never hesitate to visit your physician if you feel there is cause for concern.

How to Make Your Workplace Accident-free

images-8Safety is the most vital thing in any environment, be it at home or at work. In the event that you are searching for some wellbeing and security tips for your working environment, then you should keep perusing to know the essentials.

That’s right! Safety is the first and foremost responsibility of an organization towards its employees. It is only the sense of safety and security that would attract an employee towards working in a workplace with comfort and ease. No matter how big is the pay scale that you have been offered, if you don’t feel safe in the working environment, you will not hold on for long! Which is why there are many different safety tips and aspects that should be taken care of so that there are no ‘safety issues’ which can prove to be a problem later on! There are certain parameters that each and every employer should follow when it comes to giving a safe and healthy environment to the employees of the organization. The aspects and areas that should be focused on are listed as under.

Health and Safety Tips for the Workplace

You must have come across various mishaps or accidents that have taken place in an office environment. From tripping to fire accidents, from electric shock to cuts and wounds, and what not. In fact I knew a friend who ended up breaking her nose by tripping down due to the fold of the carpet. There are some small things that can actually be responsible for a major accident. Take open drawers and cabinets for example! Take black mold on walls for example! Has it ever happened to you that you or someone that you know has ended up tripping over because someone in the office forgot to close the cabinet or drawer? Or that you or other employees have experienced a sick feeling sue to the unhygienic environment in your office? Well, not only the employer, but even the employees must take due responsibility and initiative to promote a healthy and safe working environment. Have a look at some essential tips mentioned below.

No Trip and Slip Accidents
Make sure that the most busy and important areas of the office space are always ‘no trip zones’! There can be many reasons for accidents caused due to tripping and slipping. Your foot can slip because of a wet floor, or cluttered wires. Make sure that all the wires are installed properly and nothing is scattered around the office space.

Maintain Health Records of all Employees
Another important point to be considered when it comes to office health safety tips is to maintain health records of all the employees. You can categorize the files of the employees based on their individual health conditions. It will also be a good idea to organize free health check ups once in a month for all the employees. This thoughtful tip will definitely encourage employees to pay attention to their health which will eventually prove to be beneficial to the organization as healthy employees would be more productive.

Be Prepared to Handle Emergency
I guess we all have heard of an office building catching fire due to various reasons, including electric shock! This is why most of the offices have enrolled themselves with a fire insurance to ensure that they have a backup in case of mishaps. Therefore it is important to install fire extinguishers in the office so that in case a situation arises, it can be taken care of before things worsen. It is also a must for an organization to conduct safety drills so that each and every employee knows what to do in an emergency. Keep the cluttered wires grounded and make sure that you appoint a certified electrician to do all the electric work to avoid future complications. Keep first aid ready. Maintain a list of health professionals or hospitals to be contacted in case of any medical emergency.

Maintain a Clean and Safe Office Space
Trust me, making sure that your office space is properly clean and well-organized will solve half the problems and risks! I have already cited the example of how an open cabinet or drawer can lead to unwanted tripping and bruising. Also keep the book shelves well-organized so that the entire pile doesn’t fall over you while you are trying hard to pull one out! Also maintain proper hygiene in the office canteen and provide healthy foods, drinks and beverages to your employees. Strictly maintain proper hygiene while cooking and cleaning. Ensure that they are eating healthy and working healthy. Maintain hygiene in the restrooms and keep the premises clean and safe to work in. Promote health, hygiene and cleanliness to make sure that all your employees are safeguarded from various health and safety risks in the workplace.

Keep the Area Under Surveillance
Installing security cameras and locks is a must when it comes to office safety. This is because apart from accidents like fire, electric shocks, or tripping, even humans can become a potential threat when it comes to safety in the office environment. I mean we all have heard various cases of sexual molestation and burglaries. Keeping the area under surveillance always prevents various accidents and such situations.

Even the slightest of negligence in the smallest of things can cause an irreversible effect. Keep first aid boxes handy. Make sure you have emergency numbers handy with you which can keep help just a phone call away. If you see any threat in the office environment, make sure that you report the matter to higher authorities. These simple and thoughtful steps can definitely help you in making your workplace a safe, accident free and healthy one!

Lethargy in Children

Dormancy in kids is normal and requires no treatment by and large. Nonetheless, kids getting to be lazy can likewise be because of infections like meningitis.

Many parents often complain about their children being lethargic. But what does lethargy mean? Lethargy in children refers to decreased energy levels. It is defined as a prolonged feeling of tiredness and fatigue. Lethargic children lie down lazily and won’t even move around for a considerable period of time. A lethargic feeling arising from flagging energy levels, is sometimes associated with serious ailments and even psychological disorders. Although adults are more susceptible to lethargy, active children, too experience this feeling.

Causes

Lack of Sleep: Children who do not get sufficient sleep often feel lethargic throughout the day. Due to lack of sleep, the child experiences persistent fatigue and is unable to concentrate on his daily routine. A feeling of tiredness is commonly observed in children, when they are deprived of sufficient sleep. Hence, sleeping 7-8 hours in a day, is necessary to perform day-to day activities efficiently and to keep lethargy at bay. Sleeping disorders such as insomnia and sleep apnea can also trigger persistent feeling of sluggishness in children.

Malnutrition: Malnourished children are bound to show signs of lethargy. These children show a considerable decrease in energy levels. As the body does not get its daily dosage of proteins, vitamins and minerals, the child shows a sharp drop in daytime activity levels. Hypoglycemia due to poor nutrition can also cause lethargy in children

Anemia: This condition causes a major reduction in the number of red blood cells, that deliver oxygen to different organs of the body. Thus, anemia causes lack of oxygen that makes the child lethargic. A poor diet, deficient in iron, is the most common factor that contributes to lethargy in infants.

Fever: Fever and lethargy in children are often correlated. Fever in children commonly occurs due to viral infections such as common cold and seasonal flu. Fevers that have a temperature ranging from 101 to 103 ºF are not serious, but make the child uncomfortable. The child is unresponsive and prefers minimal verbal interaction. However, infants 6 weeks old and suffering from high fever (more than 101) require immediate treatment as it is a symptom of serious illness.

Depression: Children suffering from depression also slowly start becoming lethargic. Although depression is a mental problem, it drains energy, making the child more lethargic. Feeling of tiredness, accompanied by anxiety attacks, are some of the symptoms of depression. Even standing for some time cannot be tolerated by the child.

Stress: In today’s cut throat competition, children can be bogged down with high expectations from parents. Parental pressure to perform well in studies and extra curricular activities can leave the child stressed. This too can make the child sluggish and disinterested in any activity.

Meningitis: Meningitis that leads to extreme lethargy, occurs in large number of children. Meningitis, an infection, causes inflammation of the membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord from external damage. Children with meningitis experience headache, fever and sleep more than usual. They show lack of energy and interest in outdoor and indoor activities.

One of the best ways to treat and prevent lethargy is to monitor your child’s diet. As a parent, you should see to it that the child is getting healthy meals. The habit of skipping breakfast or snacking on unhealthy foodstuffs often leads to low energy levels in children. Keep in mind that the breakfast and lunch are the most important meals of the day. So, kick-start your child’s day with a breakfast that provide ample proteins and carbohydrates. 2-3 slices of whole wheat bread with peanut butter smeared over them and a bowl of whole grain cereals is also a good option for breakfast. Children can also be given hard-boiled eggs with few serving of fish and lean meat at breakfast. Make sure that your child does not go to school without a glass of milk. As far as lunch and dinner is considered, including green leafy vegetables and fruits is a must. Whole grain tortilla with romaine lettuce and few almonds delivers essential nutrients at lunch will keep energy levels high throughout the day. Avoid deep-frying and focus should be more on healthy cooking methods such as steaming, stir-frying, grilling and baking.

Lethargy in Babies

Lethargy in babies is not easy to diagnose. However, sleeping for longer periods of time than normal, or a feeling of tiredness even after taking a long nap, are all signs of lethargy in babies. One can determine whether a baby is lethargic by noticing its behavioral changes. Lethargic babies, also referred to as listless babies, appear to lack enthusiasm. The baby seems sluggish and drowsy, which can be a sign of serious illness such as pneumonia.

On rare occasions, persistent tiredness and weakness in children has been associated with liver problems, kidney dysfunction and thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism. On the whole, in today’s hectic lifestyle, experiencing fatigue is fairly normal. However, unusual lack of energy that remains for quite some time needs proper medical attention to diagnose symptoms associated with this condition.

Projectile Vomiting in Infants

Infant vomiting is very common, as babies usually spit up a small amount of the ingested food. But, projectile vomiting in babies could be dangerous, if it is persistent or severe. Read on.

A large portion of us are acquainted with the way that newborn children regurgitation or spit up after feedings. This is exceptionally regular in children and guardians don’t stress over it, however it is badly designed and irritating for them. Be that as it may, in a few newborn children, regurgitating could be a reason for stress. For instance, shot retching in babies could be hazardous, as it might show some genuine restorative condition. Guardians must have a fundamental thought regarding the distinctive sorts of spewing in newborn children, keeping in mind the end goal to separate amongst them and distinguish shot heaving.

Vomiting in Infants

As mentioned earlier, vomiting can be of three types, as far as infants are concerned. They include reflux, posseting and projectile vomiting. The first type called reflux, occurs when the valve that controls the entry of the food from the esophagus to the stomach opens up in between and allows the contents in the stomach to enter the esophagus and come out through the mouth. This reflux is common in infants and most of them outgrow this condition as they become toddlers. Posseting is another common type of vomiting in infants, wherein babies vomit small amounts of ingested food, right after feeding. The most severe among the three types is projectile vomiting, which is the forceful expulsion of food consumed by the baby.

What is Projectile Vomiting

This type of vomiting is characterized by forceful expulsion of food, that too in considerable amounts. The vomit is expelled with much force, that it forms an arc shape. It is more common in infants, but can be seen in adults too. Occasional projectile vomiting is considered normal, but when it happens regularly, it could be an indication of some serious medical condition. Both breast-fed and bottle-fed babies are prone to this type of vomiting. If your baby is showing the following symptoms along with persistent projectile vomiting, you have to consult a pediatrician at the earliest:

  • Weight loss and irritability
  • Presence of bile or blood in the vomit
  • Dehydration symptoms like dry mouth and weakness
  • The baby looks unwell or seems to be in pain
  • Coughing or choking spells
  • Hunger after vomiting
  • Belching and bloated stomach

Causes

Even though, gastroesophageal reflex is said to be one of the common causes of vomiting in infants, it is uncommon for a baby with this condition to develop projectile vomiting. Breastfeeding is recommended for such infants. Usually, treatment is not given as the babies outgrow this condition with age. In some infants, milk allergy could be a reason for this problem.

More serious causes of projectile vomiting in infants include stomach flu or gastroenteritis, which is an intestinal infection caused by a virus. Another serious medical condition associated with this type of vomiting in infants is pyloric stenosis, which is characterized by thickening of the muscle (pylorus muscle) that is located at the lower section of the stomach, where it opens to the small intestine. In such cases, the enlarged pylorus muscle prevents the food in the stomach to enter the small intestine. This causes projectile vomiting right after feeding or after several hours of feeding. The symptoms of this condition include constant crying, refusal to eat food, wheezing, slow weight gain, dehydration due to vomiting, etc. Studies show that three out of every 1000 infants develop this condition, which is more prevalent in males. Usually, this condition develops after four to six weeks of birth. It is treated with pyloromyotomy, a surgery performed to relieve the obstruction. In some infants, projectile vomiting is caused by congenital abnormalities of the intestinal tract.

Preventive Measures

While occasional projectile vomiting is not a cause of worry, if it is persistent, it can cause dehydration, fever, injury to the esophagus and stomach, slow growth rate, and sometimes, pneumonia as well. Hence, it is necessary to take your baby to the pediatrician at the earliest. If the doctor rules out the possibility of any serious underlying cause, you can try the following measures to prevent such vomiting.

  • Feed the baby with small amounts of food, but increase the frequency of feeding.
  • The baby should be in an upright position while feeding and for at least twenty minutes after feeding.
  • Gently pat on the baby’s back frequently while feeding, so that he burps. This reduces the gastric pressure in the stomach, which can cause vomiting.
  • Minimize vigorous movements of the baby after feeding and elevate the head of the baby’s bed at 30 degrees.

Projectile vomiting in infants should be monitored carefully and should not be left untreated. In case your baby develops this condition, it is advisable to consult a pediatrician immediately.

Infant Fever After Shots

One of the regular responses of inoculation in newborn children is fever. Despite the fact that guardians don’t this way, comprehend it is an indication that the tyke’s insusceptible framework is getting to be more grounded. Perused on to know more.

Most parents loathe the discomfort that their infants undergo after they get their shots. However, it is important to remember that the advantages of immunization far outweigh its side effects. Infants are born with certain antibodies that fight infection. There are others that they receive from the mother’s milk as they are breastfed. However, the protection from these antibodies are temporary. Hence, even if infant fever bothers you or your child, be assured that vaccines are important to build your child’s immunity against a host of diseases, in future.

The Reason Behind Infant Fever

Vaccines are killed or weakened strains of disease-causing organisms that are introduced into the body. The body recognizes these organisms as foreign bodies. The immune system destroys these organisms and ‘remembers’ them so that the next time the individual is attacked by the organisms naturally, the body fights them back. Rise in temperature of the body is a sign that the body is fighting off the strain of organisms introduced through vaccines. Bacteria and viruses thrive inside the body at temperatures around 98.6°F. High temperature during fever helps to kill these germs. Also the elevated temperatures help the body in producing more white blood cells, antibodies, and other infection-fighting agents. Hence, infant fever after vaccination is just as much desired as is natural.

Reactions of the Body to Vaccines

  • Redness or swelling in the skin where the vaccine has been injected.
  • Soreness or tenderness of the area where the shot was given.
  • Mild to moderate fever.
  • Irritability and fussiness in the infant.
  • Loss of appetite, the baby refuses to drink milk. The baby shows unwillingness towards food.
  • The child may not show any interest in playing.
  • As the body temperature starts to drop, excessive sweating can be noticed. The child may look well then and may start smiling.
  • After getting a nasal spray vaccine, the child may have a runny nose. The child may suffer from congestion or may develop cough.

Infant fever after shots should not set panic in parents. The common reactions that are mentioned above subside in just a couple of days. Actually, it is a sign that the body’s immune system is fighting against the organisms introduced into the body and is preparing the body for future infections. Although these reactions are mild, in very rare cases some infants may develop severe reactions to certain vaccines. Such reactions may manifest in the form of breathing problems, wheezing, hives, skin rashes, weakness, lethargy, seizures, fainting, dizziness, vomiting, diarrhea, increased irritability and irregular heartbeat. In case an infant does develop such reactions, a doctor must be immediately called. These reactions are triggered within a few minutes or hours of the shot.

Caring for Your Baby Post a Vaccine Shot

Vaccines are an integral aspect of proper baby care. It is a fact that immunization causes discomfort, but you can’t avoid it. However, there are ways in which parents can reduce the anxiety and pain of their children. Besides the physical pain, shots tend to unsettle children. Give them emotional support by staying close to them. After the doctor is done with giving the shot, take the baby into your arms and press him close against your chest using your arms. This will soothe the baby and give him a sense of security.

Parents need to be careful while handling their infants, especially the area where the injection is given. Avoid contact with that area. In case there is swelling or redness in the spot, dip a clean cloth in ice water and apply it to that area. Not only would this reduce the baby’s pain, but it would also calm the child. Give a few spoons of sugar solution (add a couple of teaspoons of table sugar to 3-4 ounces of water, boil it and let it cool down. Use it when at room temperature) to the baby after immunization as researchers have found that sugar solution has a calming effect on infants.

In case of infant fever after immunization, which is a very common phenomenon, monitor your child’s temperature on a regular basis. Mild to moderate temperature is acceptable. Infants should be given plenty of liquids when they run a temperature. Avoid overdressing kids at such times. A cool cloth can be used to comfort the baby. Also consult your doctor if you are considering giving medicines to your child. To deal with the fussiness of a child who has just received his shots, Tylenol can be given. However, again I strongly advise that parents consult their doctor before administering any medicine to their infant.

Sleep (sufficient rest) plays a significant role in the functioning of the immune system. Studies show that insufficient sleep before or after getting a shot usually leads to a weaker immune response to the vaccine. According to the latest study reports, chances of infants sleeping longer were high when they were vaccinated after 1:30 p.m. And the infants who slept longer after receiving their shots, showed only a slight rise in body temperature over the next 24 hours. More studies are required to confirm the relationship between timing of immunization and immune response; but till then, there is no harm in trying ‘afternoon immunization’ for an infant.

Infant fever after shots is a natural reaction of vaccination. Parents shouldn’t be overly anxious about it. Just try to make the child as comfortable as you can and consult the doctor so that you are sure that you know what is the best for the baby.

At-home Activities for Sick Kids to Keep Them Engaged and Busy

There will be days when your youngster phones in wiped out and you need to contribute, to give solace and care to your sickly tyke. In any case, there will likewise be times when you will need to connect with your little one in some movement to reduce the occasions of him/her inclination wiped out and grumpy. That is the place we come into the photo to help you with certain home exercises.

Children tend to get mighty cranky and clingy, and for most part of the time, get highly irritable when they are smitten by the flu or by any sort of sickness. What they crave for, at such times is, undivided attention from their parents and family members. As a parent, you have to be ready to take on all the duties of caring and fending for the child as well as provide means to keep your child’s mind engaged, so that it takes their mind off the sickness. In situations, when the child is affected with chickenpox or scarlet fever and is forced to stay off the school limits for days on end, it is only but natural for the child to get bored and lethargic. With the help of some activities, you can ensure your child is kept busy in something productive than have him/her get cranky all the time. Besides, it will prevent depressing moods from brewing at home level as well.

Sick-Day Activities for Kids

Your child is on the road to recovery and in the meantime, you are fed up looking at him/her sleeping in front of the television the whole day like a zombie. Agreed, that your child needs some much-needed rest, but that doesn’t mean making him/her highly inactive during the tenure of sickness. Enlisted here are a few activities that you can engage your child with; it will help keep his/her mind diverted as well as give you some free time.

Get a Breath of Fresh Air

Kids love to play outdoors and having to sit at home all day will add up to their crankiness and irritability. Allow them some time daily to soak up some essential vitamin D and breathe in some fresh air; this will help make them feel better as well as speed up their recuperating process.

Create a Treasure Cove

Throw around a few pillows and create a treasure cove for you and your child to rest during the daytime. To make it more interesting for your child, stack the fortress with books, puzzles and movie DVDs. Dress up your child (only if he/she is feeling up to the mark) and treat him/her like a true prince/princess; just playing this game will definitely make your child feel better and will surely take away the sickness blues.

Bring Cheer

Do not allow your child to get the sickness blues; instead keep boredom away with some games they will enjoy. Just to see your baby smile, try ‘horsing’ around. I can guarantee you that your child won’t show a hint of boredom with this activity. The mere presence of a smiling face can cheer up your sick child and keep the spirits soaring, by simply being there.

Hobby Ideas

A good move will be to get your child involved in your hobbies (the one’s you enjoyed as a kid!). Take out that old treasure box you have hidden in the attic and get your child to spot the different types of coins/stamps/pens that you have collected over the years. You never know your child may carry forward that legend one fine day. Probably, you could team up this activity with a gist of how you acquired the particular stamp or coin.

Become a Dummy

Children love toys for the mere reason that the toys allow them to try out stuff with them without complaining. For a change, play a dummy with your kid, and boost your child’s creative streak. So what if you end up looking like a clown who has run away from the local circus? At least you’d have brought cheer to your child’s face.

Paper Scissor Alert

Snip, snip, snip. There you go; give your child some colorful papers and a scissor and let him/her unleash their apparently active minds. Help out with making paper men and lanterns and use it to decorate the house. Ask your child to help out with decorating the living room or any other room with these paper cutouts. It will keep your child engaged in the activity as well as keep their crankiness at bay.

Paper Scissor Alert

If your child’s not too comfortable with scissors and cutting, then simply hand some crayons and color pencils/pens and ask him/her to prepare greetings. After all, playing with colors makes the mood vibrant, and there is absolutely no harm if the child is sitting quietly and coloring his/her way to glory.

Play with Toys

Leave your child alone for a brief period of time and let him/her play with soft toys. One of the observations made by many parents is that, allowing the child to play with toys puts them on a faster road to recovery. Besides, there’s an unspoken comfort when it comes to cuddling up with soft toys even when you’ve surpassed the age limit to play with one.

Cookie in the Kitchen

How nice to have your sweet little cookie help you out in the kitchen! With your child’s help, prepare something he/she likes to eat. This way, the food you prepare won’t go for a waste and the two of you will have a nice time together. Allow them to have the upper hand here, as that will ensure they do not get cranky.

Walk Down Memory Lane

Revisit some of your fondest memories with your child by taking out old albums and scanning pictures. You can even create a mosaic of the best pictures with his/her help and use it to decorate the house. Another activity that you can do with them around is, create a music CD or DVD with your child’s selection of songs. This will surely keep his/her spirit soaring for a long time.

Entertain with Muppets

Bored, eh? We will see that you won’t be anymore. One fun activity you and your child can try is make dolls out of paper foil, wool and socks. Once you’re done, ask your child to narrate a story with these dolls. You will have a nice time making them and then listening to interesting stories of your child.

Play with your Kid

Daddy dear, make some time for your precious little one and race a toy car please. Play with your child; it could be video games or simple car races, but your child will enjoy this activity the most. You can even build a rail at home; this way, you can deliver goods to your child and he/she can return some back to you. Indulge in some board games if your child is not feeling up to the mark to move around the house.

Lots of Pampering

How very nice if someone sings, ‘You are my sunshine, my very sunshine …’ Take a guess at what will happen; your child will begin feeling better almost instantly. Now for that little smile, you can indulge in excess pampering, can’t you? It worked for me though!

Tuck Me Tight

Remember that your child needs rest; make it compulsory to keep time aside for rest time. During this time, you could tuck your child to bed with a nice little story or song. Cuddle up close with your child and give him/her your undivided love and attention; that’s one of the best activities your child will love doing.

A little “pick-me-up” and “tuck-me-tight” time won’t take away anything from you or your pocket; and the best part is that it comes free of cost. Before signing off, I’d like to wish your child a speedy recovery; take care!

Ways to Prepare Your Child for Surgery

unduhan-29Conversing with your youngster about his approaching surgery and clarifying what lies ahead will help him and you bargain better with the circumstance. It can make the entire methodology less distressing.

If your child needs surgery and you have opted for elective surgery, then you have time on your hands to explain to your child all about the procedure. It’s advisable to talk to them about the hospital procedures and the surgery, it will make you less anxious. Explain in kid-friendly terms why he has to undergo the surgery. It’s human nature to fear the unknown. So if they know what is going to happen and why it is going to happen, they will be less scared. So to put their fears to rest, you as a parent should educate yourself about the surgery, so that you are in a better position to answer your child. To do that, schedule a visit with the doctor and ask all questions pertaining to the procedure and if there are any risks associated with the surgery. Find out if the hospital rules allow parents to be present in the operating room when the surgery is being carried out, and whether you can stay back for the night if the child is not discharged the same day. Once you gather all the right information, help your child understand all the unknown facts.

Preparing Your Child for Surgery

Dealing with Infants
Even though they can’t yet talk, infants are very sensitive to their surroundings and can easily get disturbed by the hospital environment. They are acutely sensitive to the pitch of their caregivers’ voice and their mannerisms. So if you are tensed, your infant will feel the stress too. Lower your anxiety levels, remain calm and composed, and stick to a routine to help your infant cope better with the surgery. Carry their security blanket if they are used to one, whether it’s the pacifier, a favorite blanket, or a stuffed toy. As compared to older kids, infants will need extra comforting. Sometimes, surgery is carried out on an empty stomach, so if your child has to go with little or no food for a day, it is going to make him very cranky. They may even demand to be held more often than usual. Hold your baby close and offer all the comfort you can.

Dealing with Toddlers and Preschoolers
An age when children can’t yet fully communicate their wants, but still want to be independent. You might want to ask your pediatrician to have a friendly talk with your little one about the hospital visit. One of the best things you can do to allay their fears is to buy a doctor set and play with them. Kids this age love role-play, and this will prove the ideal setting for you to explain what might happen on the day of surgery. Take turns playing the doctor and then the patient so your child gets a better understanding of the scenario. You could even use his stuffed toy as the patient with your kid enacting the role of the doctor to better explain what a surgical procedure seems like. Always use child-friendly language. It might be a good idea to take your kid for a tour of the hospital facility, and familiarize him with the settings. On the day of surgery, bring along their favorite toy, books and DVDs.

Dealing with School-aged Children
Children of this age are much more mature and a lot more curious than toddlers and preschoolers, so expect to be bombarded with numerous questions about the surgery. Explain why he or she needs to undergo the procedure. Kids can sometimes be fraught with guilt and feel that surgery is a way they are being reprimanded for behaving badly. Explain that this is not true, and the surgery is being carried out simply to fix a problem. Take them on a hospital tour, where they can see and understand for themselves where they would be during the surgery. Explain terms like anesthesia, surgeon, operating room, operation, and the fact that they will meet many nurses and doctors at the hospital. Inform them what all steps are followed before the actual surgery takes place (they might not be allowed to have food, they will have to change into a hospital gown, the nurse will take initial readings like temperature and weight, etc.). Talk about the fact that once it’s all over, they may see some body part (where the surgery took place) covered in bandages, and it is nothing to be scared of, and it will be taken off in no time once they recover. Emphasize that they will feel better very soon. Offer a lot of hugs; it provides children the physical reassurance to feel safe and secure.

School-going children may have seen surgery or a hospital setting on TV, and may have a wrong idea about the whole thing. Clearly state that whatever they saw on TV is not the real thing. Never ever tell them they are big kids now and should not cry. This can have an undesirable effect. They might just keep their fears to themselves, for fear of being ridiculed. For them, a surgical procedure can be terrifying. So encourage them gently to voice any concerns they may have and discuss and soothe their fears. Tell them it’s perfectly normal to feel scared and even angry, and there’s nothing wrong if they want to cry. In fact, crying will help your child by providing an outlet for all the bottled up feelings he harbors about the hospital and surgery.

Watch how you phrase your words. Phrases like “anesthesia will put you to sleep” should be strictly avoided. Children generally associate “put to sleep” with animals, especially when animals are euthanized. The phrase might actually scare them if they think they too will never wake up from surgery. Also carefully explain that there might be a bit of pain after the surgery has been completed, and that doctors will give medicines to get rid of it.

Helping Children After the Procedure
Children, especially infants and toddlers, can be excessively irritable after the surgery and difficult to console. Handling them might be tougher, especially if they can’t be picked up and held yet. The fussiness could be because they are hungry, in considerable pain, or side effects of the anesthesia haven’t yet completely faded which can make them feel groggy. If you are alone, take help from friends and family, especially if you have other kids to look after. Once the child enters the recuperative stage, follow all the instructions prescribed by the doctor. Give the prescribed medication on time, without fail. Older children might like a visit from other family members and friends, so ask your loved ones to pay them a visit. Visiting friends and family can be a welcome distraction from pain. Decorate your child’s room with balloons, so when he wakes up, he will be pleased and remain cheerful.

A child undergoing surgery is not a pleasant scenario, and something no family should ever have to go through. Remember that as the parent, your child will look up to you for comfort and support. So it’s essential that you do not neglect yourself and take good care in the days leading up to the surgery, and accept any help that comes your way, without hesitation. This will help you as a family cope with the stress of the imminent surgery in a better way. Children will pick on the tone of your voice and your emotions, so stay composed, however anxious you are. Abide by the doctor’s guidelines about any special aftercare procedures, so your child will recuperate faster.